Arsène Lupin versus Herlock Sholmès is the second collection of Arsène Lupin stories by Maurice Leblanc, featuring two adventures that showcase a match of wits between Lupin and Herlock Sholmès (an obvious riff on Sherlock Holmes after the Doyle estate stopped the use of the Homes name).
The purchase of an antique desk , its theft, a lottery ticket, an impossible escape, the Blue Diamond heist and move and counter move between the two adversaries makes the first story 'The Blond Lady' gripping reading. 'The Jewish Lamp' continues the battle of wits between the two with Lupin warning Sholmès not to intervene. That spurs Sholmès on and he proceeds to investigate the crime and finds out the true reason for Lupin's appeal not to intervene.
Maurice Marie Émile Leblanc was a French novelist and writer of short stories, known primarily as the creator of the gentleman burglar, adventurer and detective Arsène Lupin, often described as a French counterpart to Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes and Hornung's Raffles.
Refusing the career that his father had set up for him at a card factory, Leblanc instead went to Paris in 1888, to pursue writing as a journalist. But he soon turned novelist and storyteller. His first novel, Une femme (A Woman), published in 1893 was a success and was followed by other works, such as Des couples (The Couples), Voici des ailes (Here are wings) and a play La pitié, released in 1902, which was a flop. In 1905, Pierre Lafitte, the director of the monthly Je sais tout, commissioned a short story from Leblanc, with the brief that he was to combine the appeal of A.J Raffles by Ernest William Hornung and Sherlock Holmes. The result was L'Arrestation d'Arsène Lupin (The Arrest of Arsène Lupin) which was a huge success. Two years later, the book Arsène Lupin, Gentleman Burglar was released, and the rest was historywith one of the most successful series being born.